This topic is to discuss the following lesson:
I have found one of Swisscom BGP router from that expressions:
AS path access list 1 permit ^$ permit 650[0-9][0-9][)]$
permit ^$ : I think this one is written for locally originating routes
I can’t get a meaning the last one’s " [)] "section ? You have an idea?
By the way ; these ip as-path access lists , bgp filtering commands just filtering the AS’s that advertising from another BGP routers right?
The first entry will match on prefixes that originated in this AS. The second one will match on everything that ends with 650XX). Anything in the 64512 – 65535 range are private AS numbers. The [)] is a bit strange, normally you use the  for a range (like 0-9). I’m guessing that they use it to match on sub-AS numbers in a confederation? That’s the only time you will see a ) in the AS path:
Just looked at BGP looking glass server. How can one practice regular expression on this site? Thanks!
Most of the looking glass servers support regular expressions so that would be the best option to get some practice. If you want to practice this “locally” then I would configure some BGP routers and use route-maps for things like AS path prepending, this can be used as a nice simulation of the Internet.
Is it abnormal not really to be real fluent with these?
Don’t get me wrong I see the examples and as I went through lessons later on I see some of the examples come up that can be useful.
I am good with ones like:
^$ which can be useful for applying to everything (you use this one when dealing with Transit issues when multi-homing and need to filter) or ^63100$ apply to an AS specifically.
I also get and like the ones like which would give every AS that goes through AS 51 those are cool. (I had to take a picture and upload because could not figure out how to use the underscores in posting on the forums is there a trick to that?)
Even the more complex examples I could use but I am not getting this like I can start coding with it or something I am understanding it on the level that I can login to this site to get something I need or perhaps google it and search for something I need (minus the simple ones that I used at beginning those stuck) is that ok? or do I really need to drill on these or just understand what they are used for in searches and filters and know that I can look these up when I need?
Also do these Regular Expressions just deal with BGP AS?
I have touched upon these in Microsoft PowerShell as well though they applied to everything but was used for similar purpose of searches or filters and such.
It’s normal I think…as network engineers, we don’t use regular expressions much. If you are into programming, you’ll use them quite a lot to match strings/numbers/etc… If you want to practice these, try a site like:
Paste in the output of a BGP table there and test it…it’s easier and quicker than testing regex on your router.
I wouldn’t worry about this too much though…when you need to use them for BGP, you can always look them up…test it, then apply it to your router. No need to memorize all the different options. When you need it, it’s probably a simple regex, nothing more.
The underscore works fine here btw? SHIFT + - (dash) does the job.
Hi Rene and Laz,
according to this phrase:
^([0-9]+)_51 matches prefixes from AS 51 where AS 51 is behind one of our directly connected AS’es.
wouldn’t it be more correct to match the search by this algorithm:
because in your algorithm’s example as I could figure out the underscore’s use, it would find prefixes like this (if our directly neighbor is ASN 78):
10.0.0.0/24 "next hop ip" 78,51,874,5456 i 18.104.22.168/24 "next hop ip" 78,5151,651 i
so I don’t want to get the ASN 5151 as being the second AS hop, only 51 itself.
so my question was to make sure if I’m wrong or not about my assumption of the actual algorithm that should be used by the lesson’s phrase.
Thank you very much.
Sometimes, there are multiple ways to achieve the same thing with regex. The _ matches the space in between the AS numbers.
If this is what you want, I would use this regex:
show ip bgp regex ^([0-9]+)51$
The $ matches the end of the string. Here’s a quick test on a looking glass server for AS 4826:
route-views.optus.net.au>show ip bgp regex ^([0-9]+)_4826$ BGP table version is 1021954775, local router ID is 22.214.171.124 Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, i - internal, r RIB-failure, S Stale, m multipath, b backup-path, x best-external Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete Network Next Hop Metric LocPrf Weight Path * 126.96.36.199/22 188.8.131.52 10 0 7474 4826 i * 184.108.40.206 1 0 7474 4826 i * 220.127.116.11 0 7474 4826 i *> 18.104.22.168 0 7474 4826 i * 22.214.171.124 1 0 7474 4826 i
It only shows results for AS 4826 behind any of our directly connected ASes. It won’t match on any ASes behind AS 4826.
Is this what you were looking for?
still i am facing difficult to understand that Regular Expression concepts. can you give your suggestion how to get master on this topics. and 1 more thing how to read that string we can strat from left to right or right to letf
Looking at the various regular expressions can become confusing if you don’t actually use them. The ideal way to learn is to practice, and see how they behave as you apply them. The following lesson uses an example of a regular expression to apply a filter list to prevent a BGP transit AS situation:
You can also take a look at actual examples at the following Cisco documentation:
Finally, you can use the looking glass servers that Rene suggested in the lesson as well. He further explains how to do this in some of the posts above, including this one:
I hope this has been helpful!
Thank you Lagapides i will look into these