How to Prepare for Cisco CCNP R&S

Hello Rene!

I recently passed in the exam CCNA R&S 200-120, I know that the Cisco will change the exam 200-120 for the 200-125, I want to know if the CCNP Route exam, will be change too, like the CCNA or not?

The CCNP R&S track was updated with all new exams on January 30, 2015. The current Route exam (300-101) has no announced date of retirement that I have seen. I would estimate at least another year for that exam before any big changes are coming.

Hello Rene,

I have a question please If you can help me.

How can i check the port are healthy or not defective on a switch Cisco IOS Software, C2960S Software (C2960S-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 12.2(55)SE5

What command will show that ? is it show tech command ? if yes , which of them please.

Thank you

19 posts were merged into an existing topic: How to Prepare for Cisco CCNP R&S

I’m preparing for CCNP ROUTE. I do understand that I can do the big part of the labs with GNS3. I did a nice Client/Server deployment of GNS3. Client is Win7 and Server is VmwareESXi. It is working fine ; as far I do not need to do a lab using a Software on Windows.

Couple a years a go, for CCNA ; I did be able to connect a PC (Win XP) to the GNS3 topology, by using MSLoopbackAdapter. Actually ; with my Win7 Client, I can not make it work. Things seem to be more complicated in a Client/Server deployment of GNS3.

Could someone explain how is the good and safe way for connecting a PC (Win7) to a GNS3 topology (running Remote on a ESXi server) ?

I do not any lesson on MULTICAST topic. Does that topic belong to CCNP ?

Hello Maodo

According to Cisco’s official exam description, multicast only shows up in the ROUTE exam as part of the Layer 3 Technologies section with the following breakdown:

3.0 Layer 3 Technologies
3.1 Identify, configure, and verify IPv4 addressing and subnetting
3.1.a Address types (Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and VLSM)
3.1.b ARP
3.1.c DHCP relay and server
3.1.d DHCP protocol operations

To see the full curriculum, click here.

So to answer more clearly, mutlicast is not a major part of the exam. It is sufficient to understand what it is in general and why it is useful. Implementations and configurations of multicast on the exams are highly unlikely.

I hope this has been helpful!


Hello Rene,
can you help me find the updated topology link on Cisco?
the link you gave is a bit outdated.

Hello Regis

The currently valid Cisco CCNP TSHOOT v2.0 exam (300-135) has been around since 2014. The topology has remained the same for the duration of the validity of this exam. The topology won’t change until the exam has been retired and replaced with a newer version, so the topology provided is still valid.

I hope this has been helpful!


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Ok I will study base don that topology.
On INE course one instructor suggested to memorize the topology.
do you recommend the same method?

Hello Regis

If you have the time to do so, then it can’t hurt. Intimately knowing the topology that you will be working with can only be of benefit. On the other hand, memorising the topology should not be a substitute for understanding the troubleshooting concepts, you should know those well regardless of memorisation of the topology.

I hope this has been helpful!


Hello guys,
In CCNP TShoot topology supplied by Cisco, there is FTP server with ip The /30 is just a typo, or is it configured with /30 on purpose? Distribution switches have SVIs with /24 for this subnet.

Hello Michal

Yes, you are correct, that is a typo otherwise there will be no communication with other devices on the subnet. Unless of course that is part of the problem that you are called upon to troubleshoot and resolve. :stuck_out_tongue: If the topology is supposed to be correct, then that should be /24.

I hope this has been helpful!


Hii rene.

can u provide me the links where i can download GNS3 software and with all switches and routers with valid IOS to prepare for CCNA & CCNP labs.


Hello Chandra

Take a look at this lessons to have most of your questions answered concerning GNS3 content and labs:

Keep in mind that the GNS3 software is free, but you’ll have to supply the IOS images yourself. Cisco owns the copyright on IOS so it can’t be shared freely. You’ll have to purchase them, or get them from someone who has legal access to them.

You can also take a look at Rene’s site GNS3Vault specializing in GNS3 labs for Cisco certifications You’ll find a lot of useful information there:

I hope this has been helpful!


Hi Rene and other senior engineer, best regards from me.

I’m ccna certified, and just started my career/ applying for a job.
I’m just wondering, how to become a great network engineer?, is it good to go the straight line to the CCIE? or should I also learn other things like server(linux)/ security/ or even other vendors like Juniper/ Huawei/ ect.

Please give me some advice, best regards from me once again :pray: :v:
Thank You

Hello Arief

Getting your CCNA certification is a great way to move forward, and it’s a great foundation on which you can build.

Now for your next steps, you have two choices. Either you dig deep and focus on one particular aspect, like CCIE, networking, and become an expert in one specific field, or you can broaden your experience by also learning other things like linux/security, or other vendors as well. Keep in mind however, that in the second case, you will not be as good an expert in one particular field, but you will be knowledgeable in many fields.

So which is better? It depends on who you ask, and on what kind of career you want to have. My personal suggestion would be to pick a particular field, such as CCIE and networking, and focus on that, and become a good expert in that field. Once you achieve this, then you can get your foot in many doors as far as jobs go, and then you can broaden your field of expertise by going into other areas such as linux and other vendors.

Otherwise, you will know about many things, but you won’t be an expert in any of them.

Since you’re at the beginning of your career, I suggest you go for the CCNP and CCIE to become an expert. These certifications will open many doors for jobs and careers. Once you are an expert, and you are in a job that gives you more experience as well, then you can start to broaden your expertise in other areas.

Oh and one more thing. It’s extremely important that you love what you do. Choose to become an expert in an area that you just love! It will make your life much easier and more enjoyable. The truth is that you will spend more time in your job than with your family, so you better like what you do, otherwise it will be very difficult.

I hope this has been helpful!


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Wow, thank you so much for your advice sir, this’s gonna be very helpful for me :slight_smile:

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I started taking courses for the CCNP and I was wondering if you can suggest any good books for study and practice, aside from the official CCNP Enterprise ENCOR and ENARSI books which I already have.
Are there any good books with labs and troubleshooting guides that I can get my hands on?

Hello Christos

For the CCNP level certifications, beyond the official cert guide and the content on this site, we don’t have a specific recommendation for books. From most users’ experiences, we see that a combination of the information on this site with the cert guide as a supplementary source is usually sufficient to obtain the certification.

I hope this has been helpful!